La Nueva Canción Chilena


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La Nueva Canción Chilena (New Chilean Song) is the musical voice of a social/political movement that lived in Chile in the 1960s and early 70s. Musically, it revived the sounds of native Andean music and blended them with American folk and popular music. Politically, the movement championed labor organization, land reform, anti-racism, and anti-imperialism. It supported the Vietnamese in their struggle against the U.S.

Pinochet and the Fascist military junta seized power in Chile on Sept. 11, 1973. The New Chilean Song movement (along with most leftist political and social organizations) was destroyed, and its leaders murdered or exiled. The CIA and other U.S. agencies were heavily involved in installing Pinochet and keeping him in power. His thugs learned torture techniques at the U.S.-sponsored School of Americas. Makes you proud to be an American, doesn't it?

Rolando Alarcón

My favorite artist in this genre is Rolando Alarcón. His music speaks to me like nothing else. A few of my favorites:

Parabien de la Paloma lyrics
El trigo lyrics
Cueca larga del norte lyrics
San Pedro Trotó 100 Años lyrics
  Performed by Coro Legato, from the album 'Villancicos' (2006). The rhythm of the accompaniment refers to trotting.

MUCH more music by Rolando Alarcón

Early in his career, Rolando Alarcón was part of Cuncumén.

Alarcon is featured on several Nueva Canción collection LPs.

Violeta, Isabel and Angel Parra

Violeta Parra was the mother of La Nueva Canción Chilena. Her children Isabel and Angel are excellent musicians in their own right.

La Carta lyrics
La Jardinera lyrics
Parabien al Reves lyrics
Segun el favor del viento lyrics
Río Manzanares [Isabel Y Angel Parra]

More info, and more music by the Parras,

The Parras are featured on several Nueva Canción collection LPs.

Víctor Jara

Jara is perhaps the best-known of the Nueva Canción singer/songwriters. He was murdered during the Pinochet coup. From Wikipedia:

On the morning of September 12, Jara was taken, along with thousands of others, as a prisoner to the Chile Stadium (renamed the Estadio Víctor Jara in September 2003). In the hours and days that followed, many of those detained in the stadium were tortured and killed there by the military forces. Jara was repeatedly beaten and tortured; the bones in his hands were broken as were his ribs. Fellow political prisoners have testified that his captors mockingly suggested that he play guitar for them as he lay on the ground. Defiantly, he sang part of "Venceremos" (We Will Win), a song supporting the Popular Unity coalition. After further beatings, he was machine-gunned on September 16 and his body dumped on a road on the outskirts of Santiago, and then taken to a city morgue.

El Aparecido
  (About Che, though not explicitly)

I don't have much of his music - but I probably should.

Cuncumén

Cuncumén was a musical group formed in 1955; it included Rolando Alarcon for a while, and sometimes featured Victor Jara. It's folksy, without much edge.

Music by Cuncumén.

Los Cuatro Cuartos

Kristina: "Los Cuatro Cuartos are a vocal group. They perform Chilean folk and pieces by some Chilean Nueva Canción artists. I recently remembered that they had a lot to do with why I became interested in Rolando Alarcón. Rolando gave them Doña Javiera Carrera and El negro cachimbo to perform. I think their versions of his songs are lovely and energetic. "


Bandido
El negro cachimbo
Javiera Carrera

Other musicians

Some of these are featured on Nueva Canción collection LPs.

Web resources

Informational sites

Lyrics

Recordings

  • www.delcanton.com
  • www.feriadeldisco.cl. This was where I found No Juegues. They have the most complete selection.
  • Pueblo Music (Davis)
  • www.timba.com. They have three Alarcón CDs: "Todo", "Rolando Alarcón y Sus Canciones", and "Canciones do la Guerra Civil de Espana". I bought all three. The first two are almost identical - same songs. None of the songs from the Ecuador tapes are on these CDs.
  • Alerce. A Chilean record company (with an online store) that sells the above 2 CDs, and various other La Nueva Canción Chilena music.
  • Faro A site in Argentina that has some Violeta/Isabel Parra CDs.
  • http://www.folkways.si.edu/genre2.htm. They have a 1960 recording of traditional Chilean folksongs.
  • www.nuevacancion.net: Mostly "under construction", but lots of info about recent CD releases of Victor Jara.
  • Some songs by Victor Jara that are not commercially available.
  • Gourmet Musical little Chilean, buts lots of south american music.

The following store may have something:

MUSICALES ZENTENO
Dirección : AVENIDA JOSE MIGUEL CARRERA # 6563 LOCAL B-3
Comuna : PEDRO AGUIRRE CERDA
Ciudad : SANTIAGO

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